What is Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive medical procedure that involves the use of a thin, flexible instrument called a hysteroscope to examine the inside of the uterus (the uterine cavity). The hysteroscope is equipped with a light source and a camera, which allows our healthcare providers to obtain a clear view of the uterine lining and make precise diagnoses and treatments.

Key Aspects of Hysteroscopy

  • Diagnostic Hysteroscopy: This procedure is primarily used to diagnose and evaluate various uterine conditions, such as abnormal bleeding, recurrent miscarriages, abnormal Pap smear results, and unexplained pelvic pain. It helps identify issues like polyps, fibroids, adhesions, and abnormalities of the uterine lining.
  • Operative Hysteroscopy: In addition to diagnosis, hysteroscopy can be used for surgical interventions to treat or remove abnormal uterine growths, polyps, fibroids, or scar tissue. It can also be used for procedures like endometrial ablation or the removal of intrauterine devices (IUDs) that are embedded in the uterine lining.
  • Minimally Invasive: Hysteroscopy is minimally invasive, meaning it typically requires only a small incision or no incision at all. It is associated with shorter recovery times and reduced post-operative discomfort compared to traditional open surgery.
  • Local or General Anesthesia: Depending on the procedure’s complexity and the patient’s preference, hysteroscopy can be performed under local or general anesthesia.
  • Outpatient Procedure: In many cases, hysteroscopy is an outpatient procedure, allowing patients to return home on the same day.

Benefits of Hysteroscopy

  • Accurate Diagnosis: Hysteroscopy provides a direct and magnified view of the uterine cavity, allowing for precise diagnosis of uterine abnormalities.
  • Shorter Recovery: Patients typically experience shorter recovery times and less post-operative discomfort compared to open surgery.
  • Fertility Preservation: Hysteroscopy can address issues affecting fertility, such as fibroids, polyps, or adhesions, thereby improving the chances of successful pregnancy.