What is Vaginal Prolapse Repair?
Prolapse repair, also known as pelvic organ prolapse surgery or POP surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to correct pelvic organ prolapse (POP). POP occurs when the pelvic organs, such as the uterus, bladder, or rectum, descend into the vaginal canal due to weakened or stretched pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. Prolapse repair aims to restore the proper position and support of these organs, alleviating discomfort and other symptoms.
Key Aspects of Prolapse Repair
- Indications: Prolapse repair is recommended for women experiencing bothersome symptoms associated with pelvic organ prolapse, including:
- Pelvic pressure or discomfort.
- Urinary incontinence or difficulty emptying the bladder.
- Bowel issues, such as constipation or incomplete bowel emptying.
- A visible bulge or protrusion in the vaginal or perineal area.
- Procedure: The specific surgical technique used in prolapse repair may vary depending on the type and severity of the prolapse. Common procedures include:
- Vaginal Repair: Repairing the prolapse through the vaginal canal.
- Abdominal Repair: Repairing the prolapse through an abdominal incision.
- Laparoscopic Repair: Minimally invasive surgery using small incisions and specialized instruments.
- Robot-Assisted Repair: Robotic surgical systems may be used to enhance precision and reduce invasiveness.
- Anesthesia: Prolapse repair is typically performed under general anesthesia, although some minimally invasive techniques may use local or regional anesthesia.
- Outpatient or Inpatient Procedure: The choice between outpatient and inpatient surgery depends on the specific procedure, patient’s overall health, and provider recommendations.
Benefits of Prolapse Repair
- Symptom Relief: Prolapse repair alleviates discomfort, pressure, and other symptoms associated with pelvic organ prolapse.
- Improved Functionality: The procedure restores the normal position and function of pelvic organs, improving urinary, bowel, and sexual function.
- Enhanced Quality of Life: Patients often experience an improved quality of life and overall well-being following prolapse repair.
- Prevention of Complications: Repairing prolapse helps prevent complications such as urinary tract infections and recurrent urinary incontinence.