What is Female Sterilization?

Female sterilization is a surgical procedure that permanently prevents pregnancy by removing, blocking, or sealing the fallopian tubes. This prevents the eggs from traveling from the ovaries to the uterus, where fertilization typically occurs. Female sterilization is a highly effective form of contraception and is considered permanent.

Key Aspects of Female Sterilization

  • Indications: Female sterilization is recommended for women who are certain they do not want to have more children and are seeking a permanent contraceptive solution.
  • Procedure: There are different methods of female sterilization, including:
    • Tubal Ligation: procedure where the fallopian tubes are cut, tied, or sealed to prevent the passage of eggs.
    • Salpingectomy (most common): complete removal of the fallopian tube which also reduces lifetime risk of ovarian cancer.
    • Can be performed immediately postpartum through a small incision or can be performed laparoscopically at any other time.
  • Anesthesia: Female sterilization is typically performed under general anesthesia, although some minimally invasive techniques may use local anesthesia or sedation.
  • Recovery: Recovery time after female sterilization varies but is generally shorter than with other surgical Patients can usually return to their normal activities within a few days.

Benefits of Female Sterilization

  • Permanent Contraception: Female sterilization provides permanent contraception, eliminating the need for other contraceptive methods.
  • Highly Effective: Sterilization is one of the most effective forms of contraception, with a very low failure rate.
  • No Hormones: Unlike hormonal methods, female sterilization does not affect the body’s hormone levels or menstrual cycle.
  • No Interruption: Once the procedure is complete, there is no need to interrupt sexual activity for contraception purposes.